2． 用2B 铅笔把答题卡上相应题号中正确答案的字母涂黑。答案应涂写在答题卡上，否则无效。
Part I Reading Comprehension(共20题，每题2分，共40分)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.
American researchers have developed a technique that may become an important tool in fighting AIDS. The technique stops the AIDS virus from attacking its target-cells in the body's defense system. When AIDS virus enters the blood, it searches for blood cells called T4 lymphocytes（淋巴细胞）. The virus connects to the outside of T4 lymphocytes, then forces its way inside. There it directs the cells' genetic（基因的） material to produce copies of the AIDS virus. This is how AIDS spreads.
Researchers think they may be able to stop AIDS from spreading by preventing virus from connecting to T4 cells. When AIDS virus finds a T4 cell, it actually connects to a part of the cell called CD4 protein.
Researchers want to fool the virus by putting copies or clones of the CD4 protein into the blood. This way the AIDS virus will connect to the cloned protein instead of the real ones. Scientists use the genetic engineering methods to make the clones. Normally a CD4 protein remains on the T4 cell at all times. The AIDS virus must go to it.
In a new technique, however, the cloned CD4 protein is not connected to a cell. It floats freely, so many more can be put into the blood to keep the AIDS virus away from real CD4 proteins on T4 cells. One report says the AIDS virus connects to the cloned proteins just as effectively as to real protein. That report was based on tests with blood cells grown in labs. The technique is just now beginning to be tested in animals. If successful, it may be tested in humans within a year.
1. The new technique can ________.
A. cure AIDS B. kill the AIDS virus
C. prevent the AIDS virus from spreading D. produce new medicines for AIDS
2. When the AIDS virus enters the blood, it is reproduced by ________.
A. the inside of the virus itself B. any blood cells in the body
C. the CD4 protein D. the genetic material of T4 cells
3 The AIDS virus connects to cloned proteins instead of to the real ones because ________.
A. the cloned proteins stay on the T4 cells
B. the cloned proteins can float freely in the blood
C. it connects to cloned proteins more effectively than to the real ones
D. the cloned proteins are made by genetic engineering methods
4. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. The new technique has been tested in labs. B. The new technique is being tested in animals.
C. The new technique may be tested in humans. D. The new technique is now under clinical test.
5 Which of the following could be the best title of this passage?
A. AIDS---a Fatal Disease. B. A New Technique in fighting AIDS.
C. A Report on the Spread of AIDS Virus. D. The Technique of Cloned CD4 Protein.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.
During the early ears of last century, wheat was seen as the very lifeblood of Western Canada. When the crops were good, the economy was good; when the crops failed, there was depression. People on city streets watched the yields and the price of wheat with almost as much feeling as if they wee growers. The marketing of wheat became an increasingly favorite topic of conversation.
War set the stage for the most dramatic events in marketing the western crop. For years, farmers mistrusted speculative（投机的）grain selling as carried on through the Winnipeg Grain Exchange. Wheat prices were generally low in the autumn, but farmers could not wait for markets to improve. It had happened too often that they sold their wheat soon after harvest when farm debts were coming due(到期)，only to see prices rising and speculators getting rich. On various occasions, producer groups asked for firmer controls, but governments had no wish to become involved, at least not until wartime wheat prices threatened to run wild.
Anxious to check(控制) inflation(通货膨胀) and rising living costs, the federal government appointed a board(董事会) of grain supervisors to handle deliveries from the crops of 1917 and 1918. Grain Exchange trading was suspended (暂停) and farmers sold at prices fixed by the board. To handle the crop of 1919, the government appointed the first Canadian Wheat Board, with full authority to buy, sell, and set prices.
6. The author uses the term “lifeblood”(Line1, para1.) to indicate that wheat was _______.
A. difficult to produce in large quantities B. was easily affected by animals and plants
C. essential to the health of the country D. expensive to gather and transport
7. According to the passage, most farmers’ debts had to be paid __________.
A. when the autumn harvest had just been completed
B. because wheat prices were high
C. as soon as the Winnipeg Grain Exchange demanded payment
D, when crop failure caused depression
8. According to the passage, wheat prices became uncontrolled because of conditions caused by _____.
A. farmers B. supervisors
C. weather D. war
9. The word “check” (Line 1, Para.3) could best be replaced by which of the following?
A. control B. investigate
C. finance D. reinforce
10. According to the passage, a preliminary step in the creation of the Canadian Wheat Board was the appointment of ______.
A. the Winnipeg Grain Exchange B. a board of supervisors
C. several producer groups D. a new government
Questions 10 to 15 are based on the following passage.
Yellowstone Park is visited by two million people every summer and is the oldest, largest and most visited wilderness in the world. All are welcome and are invited on arrival to leave their cars and explore on foot.
Yellowstone, a national park for ever 100 years, lies in the State of Wyoming, to the east of the Rocky Mountain. It is also in the center of the North American continent, midway between the equator and the
North Pole, at a height of over 2300 meters.
The very cold winter in this area closes the park around mid-November and lasts until April or even May. In February the temperature falls as low as 60F degree below freezing, and the animals that spend winter
in the park are best able to live in the conditions such as bison, wapiti, beavers and otters. Fortunately, the area around the hot springs and geysers becomes a centrally heated oasis(绿洲) in the desert of snow, providing
warmth and a certain mount of food for the animals.
Bison used to go around the plains in their millions until they were hunted almost to extinction(灭绝) by white men with guns. In 1900 only two dozen of them remained in the park. However, since they become a
protected animal, their numbers have risen to over two thousand.
The end of winter is the most dangerous time for the animals as food becomes even less and they take great risks(冒险) to find it, such as walking across thin ice. This period is known as “winterkill”, when many of the
weak and the old die, often from being too tired out, thus providing food for scavengers such as the coyote (a kind of wolf). With the arrival of summer, plants reappear and the animals fill themselves with rich food. The young grow strong and the tourists return to enjoy the warmth or 4 months before Yellowstone Park freezes over again.
11 Bison used to go in danger. With the protection, the number is ________ now.
A. falling down B. going up
C. staying the same D. becoming less
12The Rocky Mountains are _____________
A. in the center of Wyoming
B. to the west of Yellowstone Park
C. in the north of Yellowstone Park
D. to the east of Yellowstone Park
13Which of the following is NOT an animal?
A. otter B. beaver
C. geysers D. coyote
14.At the end of the 19th century_______________.
A. bison ran around the plains in their millions
B. bison were hunted almost to extinction
C. bison became a kind of protected animal
D. their number rose more than 200
15.From the text, we can know that “ scavengers in the last paragraph are_______________
A. animals which feed on other dead animals
B. places where water comes naturally from the ground
C. birds which live in grass seeds
D. animals which always eat as much as possible
Questions 15 to 20 are based on the following passage.
What is your favorite color? Do you like yellow, orange, red? If you do, you must be an optimist(乐观者), a leader, an active person who enjoy life, people and excitement. Do you prefer grays and blues? Then you are probably quiet, shy and you would rather follow than lead. If you love green, you are strong-minded and determined. You wish to succeed and want other people to see you are successful. At least this is what
psychologist(心理学家) tell us and they should know, because they have been seriously studying the meaning of color preference, and the effect that colors have on human beings. They tell us that we don’t choose our favourite color as we grow up. If you happen to love brown, you did so as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly.
A yellow room makes us feel more cheerful and more comfortable than a dark green one, and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. On the other hand, black is depressing(压抑). Light and bright colors make people not only happier but more active. It is a fact that factory workers work better, harder and have fewer accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black or dark gray.
Remember, then, that if you feel low, you can always brighten your day or your life with a new shirt or a few colorful things. Remember also that you will know your friends and your enemies better when you find out what colors they like and dislike. And don’t forget that anyone can guess a lot about your character when you choose a piece of handkerchief or a lampshade.
16. From this passage we learn that an active person would prefer those colors________.
A. red, green and yellow B. gray, blue or dark
C. orange, yellow or red D. yellow, orange or red
17 bright colored room can _______ one’s mood.
A. depress B. bright
C. happy D. cheer up
18Knowing the color preference can help one ____________ in their social life.
A. understand the other people more B. affect other people more
C. cheer up other people more D. study better
19In a factory, in order to reduce accidents or make the workers more
happily, it is better to have the machines painted________.
A. red B. white
C. gray D. orange
20The main idea of this passage is_________.
A. one’s color preference shows one’s character
B you can brighten your life with wonderful colors
C. psychologists have been studying the meaning of color preference
D. one’s color preference has something to do with his character and colors have effects on human beings
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题，每小题1分，共40分)
Directions; In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer sheet.
21．— My best friend’s in a bad mood.
— How about ________ her some flowers?
A. giving B. given
C. to give D. give
22．On my birthday I got a watch from my uncle, ________ was made in Japan.
A. who B. that C. which D. what
23．The news came as no surprise to me, for I ________ of it earlier.
A. hear B. heard C. have heard D. had heard
24．— Why are they pulling down the houses?
— ________ a new parking lot.
A. Build B. To build C. Building D. Built
25．I ________ on a sofa because my parents have come for the weekend.
A. slept B. was sleeping C. have slept D. am sleeping
26.Last winter was extremely cold. , most people say it was the coldest winter of their lives.
A.At last B. As a result C. In a word D. In fact
27.I passed by the sports field the other day,_______there was a football match going on then.
A.that B. where C. winch D. when
28.It was a great party, thank you. But Jill, why___ youmore friends to come?
A.haven’t … invited B. don’t …invite
C.didn’t … invite D. won’t … invite
29.He failed the mid-term examination and only then_______how much time he had wasted.
A.he realized B. did he realize C. he had realized D. had he realized
30.I hadentered the classroom when I noticed the headmaster was sitting at the back.
A.still B. yet C. sooner D. hardly
31．The most popular food for foreigners ________ on any menu in Beijing is roast duck.
A. include B. including C. to include D. included
32．The mother, along with her two daughters,
________ from the sinking aircraft by a passing ship.
A. have rescued B. have been rescued
C. has rescued D. has been rescued
33．________ every mistake you make, you’ll lose half a mark.
A. For B. At
C. To D. By
34．This painting is splendid, but ________ we actually need it is a different matter.
A. that B. what
C. whether D. how
35．Thank you, but I’ll have to ________ your offer.
A. turn away B. turn down
C. turn back D. turn off
36．It was with great joy _______ he received the news that his best friend would come to Beijing．
A．because B．which C．since D．that
37．Jane went off to the party with her husband, _______ a happy evening of wine, food and song．
A．expected B．expecting C．to expect D．expects
38．—Excuse me．Is this the right way to the Summer Palace?—Sorry, I’m not sure．But it _______ be．
A．might B．will C．must D．can
39．Shirley said that she would have a two-week holiday in July, ______ I think, is impossible．
A．it B．that C．when D．which
40．Although she doesn’t like to live in the country, ______ , she goes there for a picnic．
A．once upon a time B．some time
C．once in a while D．from now on
41.---- Are we about to have a dinner?
--- Yes, it ________ in the dinning room.
A. is being served B. is serving
C. has served D. has been serving
42. ---- I’d like to buy an expensive sports car.
---- Well, Mike, we have got several models_________.
A. to be chosen from B. to choose
C. to choose from D. to be chosen
43. A fence at the back of the garden _______ us from the neighbours.
A. separated B. divided
C. concluded D. connected
44. There is a _______ between two acts in the play.
A. stop B. time C. break D. end
45. ---- Is your camera like Bill’s and Ann’s?
---- No, but it’s almost the same as ________.
A. her B. yours C. them D. their
46. A thief is a danger to _______.
A. society B. the society C. societies D. a society
47. The cost of one day in the hospital in this city can run _______ 250 dollars.
A. as high to B. so high to C. so high as D. as high as
48. If you keep on, you’ll succeed ________.
A. in time B. at one time C. at the same time D. on time
49. Is ______ possible to fly to the moon in a spaceship?
A. now B. man C. that D. it
50. The plant is dead. I _______ it more water.
A. will give B. would have given
C. must give D. should have given
51. __________ this material can be used in our factory has not been studied yet.
A. Which B. What C. That D. Whether
52. _______ school_______ it began raining.
A. As soon as we reached; then
B. As soon as we had reached; then
C. No sooner did we reach; when
D. No sooner had we reached; then
53. If it _______ fine tomorrow, we would go for a swim in the sea.
A. will be B. should be C. is D. were to
54. The boy you referred _____ is far ahead ______ everyone else in the class.
A. to; to B. to; of C. at; with D. at; from
55. ----How’s the young man?
A. He is twenty B. He’s a doctor
C. He’s much better D. He’s David
56. As soon as he entered the room, he took ________ his cap and sat down.
A. off B. out C. away D. down
57. ----What are you doing?
---- I’m looking ________ the children. They should be back for lunch now.
A. after B. at C. for D. up
58. The teacher told the class to _________ their books.
A. put away B. put by
C. put on D. put up
59. I asked him to _______ me a few minutes so that we could go over all the problems.
A. spend B. save C. spare D. share
60. Mother __________ us stories when we were young.
A. was used to tell B. is used to telling
C. used to tell D. used to telling
Part Three Cloze (共20小题；每小题1分，满分20分)
Directions: There are twenty blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices. Choose the one that best fits into the passage and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
What makes a child speak a language has long been a puzzle to linguists (语言学家). 61 speaking, there are two schools of linguists, both of 62 try to explain 63 a child picks up a language so easily. The fact that a child picks up a language 64 is surprising: at one year old, a child is able to 65 "bye-bye"; at two, he is able to use fifty words; by three he begins to 66 tenses. The famous American linguist Noam Chomsky 67 that human beings have a sort of built-in system for language use, and that the 68 is only secondary. Children are not taught language 69 they are taught arithmetic. Other linguists, 70, hold the view that a child learns 71 of his language from the hints in the environment. 72, theorists of both schools 73 that there is a biological basis for language and language use. The 74 is which is more important, the inner ability or the environment. This is certainly a field 75 to be explored. Researchers from both schools are busy finding evidence to 76 their own theory, but 77 side is persuading the other. It seems that in order to 78 why a child learns a language so easily, we have to 79 the joint efforts of both schools. Some linguists, like De Villiers, have recognized the value of cooperation, and 80 linguists of both sides to work together.
61. A. Surprisingly B. Personally C. Properly D. Roughly
62. A. them B. who C. whom D. which
63. A. that B. when C why D. how
64. A. independently B. naturally C. without help D. with ease
65. A. speak B. say C. wave D. respond
66. A. master B. study C. have D. get
67. A. doubts B. believes C. realizes D. criticizes
68. A. help B. teacher C. environment D. hint
69. A. as B. for C. when D. though
70. A. in particular B. as a result C. however D. therefore
71. A. a little B. some C. nothing D. most
72. A. Before B. From now on C. Just now D. By now
73 A. suspect B. disagree C. agree D. realize
74 A. case B. quarrel C. problem D. question
75 A. waiting B. planning C. never D. unlikely
76 A. provide B. create C. supply D. support
77 A. not a B. one C. neither D. either
78. A. find out B. rule put' C. search for D. look for
79 A. get rid of B. trust in C. rely on D. persist in
80A. ordered B. criticized C. challenged D. urged
Part IV Translation (共35分)
Section A (共5小题，每小题4分，共20分)
81 merican researchers have developed a technique that may become an important tool in fighting AIDS. （Passage one）
82 t had happened too often that they sold their wheat soon after harvest when farm debts were coming due(到期) (Passage Two)