Parts I Reading Comprehension (共20小题，每小题2分，共40分)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.
Young Koreans are beginning to do it alone when it comes to finding a partner, though matchmaking is still the most common way for boys to meet girls.
Professional matchmakers can make thousands of American dollars by introducing suitable marriage partners to each other, but parents also play a role in the process during which young Koreans meet.
In Confucius Korea, where marriage is regarded as more of a business contract than a scared thing, the scene of the first meeting is repeated hundreds of times a day in coffee shops in the main hotels around Seoul.
The business of continuing the family lineage (血统) and keeping the bloodlines pure is often too important to be left to romance and chance encounters.
Often, the girl will work out a system of secret signals with her mother, form which her parents can tell if she is interested.
For example, if the girl orders a coffee it might mean that she wants her parents to leave her alone with the boy, while a milk shows that she wants them to stay.
Sometimes the matchmaking is not always so formal, which the introduction being made by friends.
But whether through friends or families, there is hardly a Korean man or woman in the country who has not gone through this process—sometimes six or seven times.
1、The word “matchmaking” in this passage means .
A、a very formal ritual (仪式) attended by boys and girls
B、introducing boys and girls to know each other for the purpose of marriage
C、producing matches to make a fire or light a cigarette
D、arranging games between mean and women
2、The fact that the first meeting is repeated again and again in coffee shops in this main hotels suggests that .
A、Koreans like drinking coffee in coffee shops very much
B、men and women want to meet as many times as possible
C、they are busy with communicating with different people
D、marriage is seen as a business contract instead of something sacred
3、Why does the matchmaking still exist in Korea?
A、Because most people want to keep the bloodlines pure and chance encounters romantic.
B、Because most people try to avoid romance and keep the bloodline pure.
C、Because most people regard marriage as continuing family lineage and romance.
D、Because most people try to break family lineage and bloodlines.
4、Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A、Almost every man or woman in Korea has to go through the matchmaking.
B、From the signal the boy’s parents know whether their son is interested in the girl or not.
C、At present young Koreans no longer need matchmaking to help them find parents.
D、Only a girl and a boy will appear in the first arranged meeting.
5、The passage is mainly about .
A、the practice of matchmaking in Korea
B、the importance of a business contract
C、the work of professional matchmakers
D、the first meeting between men and women
Question 6 to 10 are based on the following passage .
In the unniversity jim was a fast –tracker. He made good grades with little effort,and his classmates thought of him “most likely to succeed.”After graduation ,he joined a large company and at frist did well .However,he switched to several smaller companies where the same pattern developed time and again: well-liked,regarded as a fast-–tracker.people wonder why he isn’t doing better .then there was Tom who was always regarded “average” However,he set his goals high ,and then found a way to achieve his goal .Today he owns a million-dollar company .
Researchers have found that school per formance is little related to job competence .qualities like “steadyand dependable”and “practical and organized ”are more important
“You don’t need talent to succeed”,insist some experts , “All you need is a big pot of glue .you put some on you chair ,you sit down ,and you stick to every project until you have done the best you can do .” average achievers stay glued to their chairs and postpone pleasure so they can receive future benefits. Many fast-–tracker.s,on the other hand expect too much too soon .When rewards don’t materialize instantly,they may become disappointed and unhappy.
6.A fast -tracker.in this passage refers to a person who
A.fells happy with everything B.maker others disappointed and unhappy
C.is an excellent student D.learns new things quickly.
7.according to the passage ,which of the following is true about a fast -tracker.?
A.he is not very talented in his work .B.he is not likely to get rich .
C.he may not stick to his work D.he is dependable and practical.
8.The word “materialize”in the last paragraphmeans “ ”
A. matter B. appear C. match D.attract
9.It is implied in the passage that_____.
A.one has no pleasure until he succeeds
B.glue can help one focus on one’s work
C.success has nothing to do with special talent
D.success is closely related to patience and steadiness
10.Aproper title for the passage can be_____.
A.The Magic of Glue
B.The Way to Success
C.Why Talented People often Succeed Quickly
D.How Average Achievers Do Better than Others
Questions 11 to 15are based on the following passage.
From good reading we can derive pleasure , companionship , experience , and instruction .A good book may absorb our attention so completely that for the time being we forget our surroundings and even our identity .Reading good books is one of the greatest pleasures in life . It increase our contentment when we are cheerful , and lessens our trouble when we are sad .Whatever may be our main purpose in reading , our contact with good books should never fail to give us enjoyment and satisfaction .
With a good in hand we could never be lonely .Whether the characters portrayed are taken from real life or are purely imaginary , they may become our companions and friends .In the pages of books we can walk with the wiise and the good of all lands and all times .Thepeoplle we meet in books may delight us either because they resemble human friends whom we hold dear or because they represent unfamiliar types whom we are glad to welcome as new acquaintances . Our human friends sometimes may bore us , but friends we make in books could never weary us witu theeir company .By turning the pages we can dismiss them without any fear of hurting their feelings .When human friends desert us , good books are always ready to give us friendship , sympathy and encouragement .
One of the most valuable gifts bestowed by books is experience . Few of us can travel far from home or have a wide range of experiences , but all of us can lead varied lives through the pages of books .Whether we wish to escape from the seemingly dull realities of everyday life or whether we long to vist some far-off place ,a book will help us when nothing else can. To travel by book we need no bank account to pay for our way , no airship or ocean liner or streamlined train to transport us , no passport to enter the land of our heart’s desire .Through books we may get the thrill of hazardous adventure without danger .We can climb lofty mountains or cross the scorching sands of the desert ,all without hardship .Indeed ,through books the whole word is ours for the asking. The possibilities of our literary experiences are almost unlimited .The beauties of nature , the enjoyment of music , the treasures of art , the triumphs of architecture , the marvels of engineering , are all open to the wonder and ennjoyment of those who read .
11.The main idea of the first paragraphis_____.
A.pleasure can only be derived from reading good books
B.a good book may distract our attention
C.ppeople can read good books in different ways
D.enjoyment and satisfaction can be derived from reading good books
12、The main reason that people like their acquaintances in books is .
A、they are like human friends exactly
B、they never bore us in comparison with our human friends
C、they never hurt our feelings
D、they give human beings friendship, sympathy and encouragement
13、We forget our surroundings and even our identity because .
A、the reading environment is very good
B、the book is extremely interesting and attractive
C、we are alone and no one interrupts us
D、we are asked to return the book the second day
14、Which of the following is NOT true?
A、All of us can lead varied lives through the pages of books.
B、We can travel by book free of charge to our heart’s content.
C、We should rely on reading to escape from the seemingly dull realities of everyday life.
D、Valuable experiences can be obtained from reading good books.
15、”The whole world is ours for the asking” implies that .
A、the world is more accessible in books than in reality
B、the world is easy to travel around as long as we walk
C、the world belongs to us whenever we ask
D、round-the-world trips can be made by everyone
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
Increasingly over the past 10 years , P eople especially young people have become aware of the need to change their eating habits , because much of the food they eat , particularly processed foods ,is not good for health .Consequently , there has been a growing interest in natural foods:foods which do not contain chemical additives and which have not been affected by chemical fertilizers widely used in farming today.
Natural foods , for example , include vegetables , fruit and grain which have been grown in soil that is rich in organic matter .In simple terms ,this means that the soil has been nourished by unused vegetable matter , which provides it with essential vitamins and minerals .This in itself is a natural process compared with the use of chemicals and fertilizers , the main purpose of which is to increase the amount---but not the quality---of foods grown in commercial farming areas.
Natural foods also include animals which have been allowed to feed and move freely in healthy pastures .Compare this with what bappens in the mass production of poultry: There are battery farms , for example ,where thousands of chickens live crowded together in one building and are fed on food which is little better than rubbish . Chickens kept in this way are not only tasteless as food ; they also produce eggs which lack important vitamins .
It is significant that nowadays fiber is considered to be an important part of a bealthy diet . In white bread , for example ,the fiber has been removed . But it is present in unrefined flour and of course in vegetables .It is interesting to note that in countries where the national diet contains large quantities of unrefined flour and vegetables , certain diseases are comparatively rare . Hence the emphasis placed of the eating of whole meal bread and more vegetables by modern experts on “healthy eating”.
16.People have become more interested in natural foods because______.
A.they like changing their diet from time to time
B.they want to eat food that is more delicious
C.much of the food they eat is no longer considered to be healthy
D.they want to be fashionable
17.Soil that is rich in organic matter_______.
A.has nothing nutritious added to it
B.is essential for producing fruit and vegetables
C.contains unused vegetables matter
D．has been chemicals and fertilizers added to it
18.According to the author , the use of chemicals and fertilizers______.
A.will not necessarily increase the production of foods
B.is a good way to improve the quality of foods
C.promotes the foods both in quality and in quantity
D.is no good foor health
19.Chickens an be called “natural foods “ only when______.
A.they are delicious
B.they are fed on food little better than rubblish
C.they lay eggs rich in vitamins every day
D.they are allowed to move about and eat freely
20.Which of the following is considered good for healthy eating?
A.Unrefined flour and vegetables. B.White bread and boney.
C.Canned beans and fruits. D.Mass-produced chickens and eggs.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
Drunken driving—sometimes called America’s socially accepted form of murder—has become a national epidemic. Every hour of every day about three Americans on average are killed by drunken drivers, adding up to an incredible 250,000 over the past decade.
Heavy drinking used to be an acceptable part of the American macho (男子汉) image and judges were lenient in most courts, but the drunken slaughter has recently caused so many well-publicized tragedies, especially involving young children, that public opinion is no longer so tolerant.
Twenty states have raised the legal drinking age to 21, reversing a trend in the 1960s to reduce it to 18. After New Jersey lowered it to 18, the number of people killed by 18-20-year-old drivers more than doubled, so the state recently upped it back to 21.
Reformers, however, fear raising the drinking age will have little effect unless accompanied by educational programs to help young people to develop “responsible attitudes” about drinking and teach then to resist peer pressure to drink.
Though new laws have led to increased arrests and tests and, in many areas already, to a marked decline in fatalities. Some states are also penalizing bars for serving customers too many drinks. A tavern (酒栈) in Massachusetts was fined for serving six or more brandies to a customer who was “obviously intoxicated” and later drove off the road, killing a nine-year-old boy.
As the fatalities continue to occur daily in every state, some Americans are even beginning to speak well of the 13 years of national prohibition of alcohol that began in 1919, which President Hoover called the “noble experiment”. They forget that legal prohibition didn’t stop drinking, but encouraged political corruption and organized crime. As with the booming drug trade, there is no easy solution.
16、Drunken driving has become a serious problem in America because .
A. most drunken drivers drive their cars at top speed
B. most drivers regard heavy drinking as part of the American macho image
C. fatalities caused by drunken driving have been greatly increased
D. about 25,000 people on average are killed every year by drunken drivers
17. Why have the public changed their opinion about drunken driving?
A. Because detailed statistics on drunken slaughter are now available.
B. Because they are no longer tolerant of the drunken slaughter.
C. Because judges usually give more severe sentences to drunken drivers.
D. Because drunken drivers are more conscious of their image.
18. The statistics issued in New Jersey suggested that .
A. many drunken drivers were not of legal age
B. many young people were in no way qualified drivers
C. raising the legal drinking age would have little effect on the reduction of tragedies
D. raising the legal drinking age would reduce the fatalities caused by drunken drivers
19. Laws recently introduced in some states have .
A. reduced the number of convictions
B. resulted in fewer fatalities of traffic accidents
C. prevented bars from serving drunken drivers
D. specified the amount drivers can drink
20. What’s the author’s attitude towards the solution to drunken driving in the United Stats?
A. Ironical. B. Casual. C. Optimistic. D. Realistic.
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题，每小题1分，共40分)
Directions: In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
21. Keep two extra pencils while taking the examination.
A. at ease B. at length C. at hand D. in turn
22. The competition form experienced staff members, some of whom are higher in rank, to my disadvantages.
A. works B. working C. work D. worked
23. I don’t know what Alfred to read your letter. He thought it was addressed to him.
A. made … Supposedly B. induced … Presumably
C. stimulated … Possibly D. introduced … Probably
24. Never before available for quick and easy access in so many different fields of study.
A. so much free information B. were so much free information
C. has so much free information been D. so much free information has been
25. It’s true that not having a car imposes some , but owning one also complicates life in many ways.
A. constructions B. introductions C. instructions D. restrictions
26. Word got around he had resigned his position as executive secretary of the committee.
A. what B. that C. whatever D. which
27. If you invest so heavily in the stock market, you’re risks.
A. turning in B. heading off C. turning on D. heading for
28. A further into the cause of the disaster reveled that the director was partly to blame because he had not insisted on adequate precautions.
A. entry B. request C. inquiry D. conquest
29. It is only in the most difficult circumstances a man’s abilities are fully tested.
A. when B. that C. where D. so what