英 语 试题卷（二年级）
1. 本试卷分为试题卷和大题卡两部分，试题卷共10页。全卷满分150分，考试时间120 分钟。
Part I Reading Comprehension (共20小题，每小题2分，共40分)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.
Different countries and different races have different manners. Before entering a house in some Asian countries, it is good manners to take off your shoes. In European countries even though shoes sometimes become very muddy, this is not done. A guest in a Chinese house sometimes does not finish a drink. He leaves a little, to show that he has had enough. In a Malay house, too, a guest always leaves a little food. In England, a guest always finishes a drink to show that he enjoys it.
We should like to find out the customs of other races, so that they will not think us ill-mannered. But people all over the world agree that being well-mannered really means being kind and helping others, especially those older or weaker than ourselves. If you remember this, you will not go very far wrong.
Here are some examples of the things that a well-mannered person does or does not do.
He never laughs at people when they are in trouble. He is always kind either to people or animals. When people are waiting for a bus, or in a post office, he lines up to wait his turn. In the bus, he gives his seat to an older person or a lady who is standing. If he accidentally bumps into (碰撞) someone, or gets in their way, he says “Excuse me” or “I’m sorry” .
He says “Please” when making a request, and “Thank you” when he receives something. He stands up when speaking to a lady or an older person, and he does not sit down until the other person is seated. He does not talk too much about himself. When eating, he does not speak with his mouth full of food.
1. According to the passage, a knowledge of the customs of other races ___________.
A. is very useful B. is unnecessary
C. is unimportant D. does not mean much
2. A person with good manners thinks of ____________.
A. others before himself B. himself before others
C. no one but himself D. others as well as himself
3. Which of the following is NOT true? A well-mannered person usually __________.
A. says “Please” when making a request
B. makes an apology for bumping into someone accidentally
C. sits where he is when speaking to a lady
D. tries to help those who are in trouble
4. If you want to be well-mannered, ___________.
A. you laugh at people when they are in trouble
B. it’s all right to speak with your mouth full of food
C. you should stop someone when he is talking
D. you can only speak after someone else has finished talking
5. As different countries have different manners, ___________.
A. it’s good to learn to be well-mannered
B. we should try to find out the differences in the customs
C. it should be wrong to go out of one’s way to do anything
D. learning a little language would be helpful
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.
I entered St. Thomas’s Hospital as a medical student at the age of 18 and spent five years there. I was an unsatisfactory student, for my heart was not in it. I had always wanted to be a writer, and in the evenings, after my tea, I wrote and read. Before long, I wrote a novel, called Liza of Lambeth, which I sent to a publisher and was accepted. It appeared during my last year at the hospital and had something of a success. I felt I could afford to give up medicine and make writing my profession; so, three days after I graduated from the school of medicine, I set out for Spain to write another book. Looking back now, and knowing the terrible difficulties of making a living by writing, I realize I was taking a fearful risk.
The next ten years were very hard, and I earned an average of ￡100 a year. Then I had a bit of luck. The manager of the Court Theatre put on a play that failed; the next play he arranged to put on was not ready, and he was at his wit’s end. He read a play of mine and, though he did not much like it, he thought it might just run for the six weeks till the play he had in mind could be produced. It ran for fifteen months. Within a short while I had four plays running in London at the same time. Nothing of the kind had ever happened before. I was the talk of the town.
6. When the author was a medical student, he ____________________.
A. had some trouble with his heart
B. was a very good student
C. wanted to be a writer after graduation
D. was satisfied with what he was doing at the time
7. When the author wrote his first novel, ____________________.
A. he sent it to a publisher but it was not accepted
B. he was still studying at the medical school
C. he succeeded in publishing it though it was not a success
D. he had graduated from the medical school
8. The author gave up medicine because at that time____________________.
A. he thought he could make a living by writing
B. he knew the success of the book was natural
C. he knew it was no risk to be a writer
D. he was quite rich after the success of his book
9. For the first ten years of his writing career after his graduation, the author earned an average of ￡100 a year, which was ____________________.
A. a great sum B. a bit of luck
C. a small sum D. a moderate success
10. The manager of the Court Theatre agreed to put on the author’s play because _________________.
A. he thought the author was a good playwright
B. he liked the author’s plays very much
C. he failed to arrange a new play in time
D. he heard that the author had studied medicine before
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
In the last 500 years, nothing about people — not their clothes, ideas, or languages — has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London, shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.
The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the "Potato Famine" of 1845-6, and thousands more were forced to emigrate to America. There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400s.
According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered by a goatherd named Kaldi. He noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the "wide-awake" feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.
11. According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years?
A. Food B. Chocolate C. Potato D. Coffee
12. "Some" in the last sentence (Para.1) "Some still exist today" means_________.
A. some cocoa trees B. some chocolate drinks
C. some shops D. some South American Indians
13. Thousands of Irish people starved during the "Potato Famine" because________.
A. they were so dependent on the potato that they refused to eat anything else
B. they were forced to emigrate to America
C. the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing the potato
D. the potato harvest was bad
14. Coffee originally came from________.
A. Brazil B. Colombia
C. Ethiopia D. Arabia
15. The Arabic legend is used to prove that________.
A. coffee was first discovered by Kaldi
B. coffee was first discovered by Kaldi’s goats
C. coffee was first discovered in south American countries
D. coffee drinks were first made by Arabs
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
Around the world more and more people are taking part in dangerous sports and activities. Of course, there have always been people who have looked for adventure — those who have climbed the highest mountains, explored unknown parts of the world or sailed in small boats across the greatest oceans. Now, however, there are people who seek an immediate thrill from a risky activity which may only last a few minutes or even seconds.
I would consider bungee jumping to be a good example of such an activity. You jump from a high place (perhaps a bridge or a hot-air balloon) 200 metres above the ground with an elastic rope tied to your ankles. You fall at up to 150 kilometres an hour till the rope stops you from hitting the ground. It is estimated that 2 million people around the world have now tried bungee jumping. Other activities as risky as bungee jumping involve jumping from tall buildings and diving into the sea from the top of high cliffs. Why do people take part in such activities as these? Some psychologists suggest that it is because life in modern societies has become safe and boring. Not very long ago, people’s lives were constantly under threat. They had to go out and hunt for food; diseases could not easily be cured, and life was a continuous battle for survival.
Nowadays, according to many people, life offers little excitement. They live and work in comparatively safe environment; they buy food in shops, and there are doctors and hospitals to look after them if they become ill. The answer for some of these people is to seek danger in activities such as bungee jumping.
16. The best title for the passage would be _______________.
A. Dangerous Sports: What and Why
B. The Boredom of Modern Life
C. Bungee Jumping: Is it Really Dangerous?
D. The Need for Excitement
17. More and more people today _________________.
A. are trying activities such as bungee jumping
B. are climbing the highest mountains
C. are coming close to death in sports
D. are looking for adventures such as exploring unknown places
18. In bungee jumping, you ____________________.
A. jump as high as you can
B. slide down a rope to the ground
C. attach yourself to a rope and fall to the ground
D. fall towards the ground without a rope
19. People probably take part in dangerous sports nowadays because ____________.
A. they have a lot of free time
B. they can go to hospital if they are injured
C. their lives lack excitement
D. they no longer need to hunt for food
20. The writer of the passage has a _________ attitude towards dangerous sports.
A. positive B. negative C. neutral D. nervous
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题，每小题1分，共40分)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
21. Wounded _____ he was, he refused to come back from the front.
A. since B. for C. as D. although
22. After the class meeting, she ___ us about her life in the United States.
A. went on telling B. went to tell C. went telling D. went on to tell
23. The owner and editor of the newspaper ______ the conference.
A. were attending B. was to attend to C. is to attend D. are to attend
24. It ____ John and Peter who helped me with my work the other day.
A. were B. is C. had been D. was
25. It’s high time ______ him a severe lesson for being late.
A. you give B. you gave
C. you’ll give D. you should give
26. _____, we decided to leave at once, as we didn’t want to risk missing the last bus.
A. Being pretty late B. As it being pretty late
C. It being pretty late D. It was being pretty late
27. No announcement has been made concerning _____ on the next flight.
A. who go B. who is going
C. is who going D. who gone
28. The electric furnace ____ before it can be used.
A. needs repairing B. should be in repair
C. must repair D. has to be repairable
29. We can’t enter the room because its door ______ .
A. locked B. locks C. is locked D. is locking
30. ______ Charles starts a job, he will do it _____ it is finished.
A. Since, where B. Each time, once C. Once, till D. The moment, as
31. Seldom__________any mistakes during my past 10 years of working here.
A. I did make B. did I make
C. I would make D. I made
32. _____ in the spaceship, the spaceman saw a blue planet.
A. If flew B. If flying
C. While flew D. While flying
33. I’m sorry _____ so long. I forgot to tell you in advance that I had a meeting this afternoon.
A. to keep you waited B. to keep you waiting
C. to have kept you waiting D. to have kept you waited
34. I bitterly regret_________ him the story just now.
A. having told B. to have told
C. to tell D. told
35. The house that _____ in the floods must be rebuilt before winter comes.
A. has been washed away B. has to wash away
C. has them washed away C. has washed them away
36. “Do you think he will make a good president?”
“He is just __________ Bill.”
A. as qualified as B. more qualified like
C. the same qualified as D. much qualified than
37. Although_____alone at home, he didn’t feel lonely.
A. leaving B. leave C. leaves D. left
38. The crime was not discovered till 48 hours later, _____ gave the criminals plenty of time to get away.
A. which B. that C. as D. what
39. After 15 years abroad, his brother came back only ___ his hometown severely damaged in an earthquake.
A. to be finding B. finding
C. found D. to find
40. __________the final exam, I would go shopping this afternoon.
A. As for B. Because of C. But for D. In spite of
41. By the time you get home, we ____ in Qingdao for one week.
A. will be staying B. will have stayed
C. would have stayed D. have stayed
42. If we can _____ this speed, we should drive there in about two days.
A. keep up B. keep from C. keep out D. keep away
43. They are shocked to find ______ water has been polluted.
A. large quantities of B. a great number of
C. a good deal of D. a plenty of
44. This university is outstanding ______ its faculty and reference resources.
A. in place of B. in terms of C. by means of D. by way of
45. Liquids are like solids _____ they have a definite volume.
A. on that B. for that C. with that D. in that
46. Her sense of inferiority _____ her unfortunate family background.
A. results from B. brings about C. results in D. stands for
47. With more members signing up, our recreation club needs more ______.
A. sporting equipment B. sports equipment
C. sports equipments D. sport equipments
48. He is such a strong-willed person that there is nothing in the world that can ____ him.
A. win B. defeat C. rescue D. attach
49. She liked shopping but she was not in the__________ for it because she was a little exhausted.
A. mood B. mind C. state D. spirit
50. Go back to the factory on time, or you will be______.
A. hired B. rented C. employed D. fired
51. I would much ______ it if you could help me carry the luggage.
A. appreciate B. apply C. admit D. achieve
52. It has been two years since her brother was ______ with her parents.
A. on contact B. in contact
C. keep contact D. come into contact
53. One must obtain ______ from the landowner to hunt in this forest.
A. admiration B. requirement C. permission D. association
54. The pill my mother gave me _____ my toothache.
A. regained B. restricted C. relieved D. released
55. He is in ____ about the job he is going to lose.
A. despair B. regret C. defeat D. risk
56. The famous actress tried hard not to answer any _________ questions about her unhappy marriage.
A. embarrassed B. embarrassing C. emergent D. urgent
57. The young man fought to save a drowning girl. He was _____ admiration.
A. worthy of B. worthwhile
C. worth of D. worth
58. My father has many friends because he has a warm and ____ personality.
A. outside B. outlook C. outstanding D. outgoing
59. I don’t like that fellow. He always talks with _____ of self-importance.
A. an appearance B. a face C. an air D. a color
60. It was _____ of him to leave the classroom when the teacher criticized him.
A. childlike B. childish C. childhood D. childless
Part III Cloze（共20小题，每小题1分，共20分）
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the context. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Many people wrongly believe that when people reach old age, their families place them in nursing homes. They are left in the 61 of strangers for the rest of their lives. Their 62 children visit them only occasionally, but more often, they do not have any 63 visitors.
The truth is that this idea is an 64 story. In fact, family members provide over 80 percent of the care 65 elderly people need. Samuel Prestoon, a sociologist, studied 66 the American family is changing. He reported that by the time the 67 American couple reaches 40 years of age, they have more parents than children. 68 , because people today live longer after an illness than people did years 69 , family members must provide long term care.
More psychologists have found that all caregivers 70 a common characteristic: All caregivers believe that they are the best 71 for the job. In other words, they all felt that they 72 do the job better than anyone else. Social workers 73 caregivers to find out why they took 74 the responsibility of caring for an elderly relative. Many caregivers believed they had 75 to help their relative. Some stated that helping others 76 them feel more useful. Others hoped that by helping 77 now, they would deserve care when they became old and 78 . Caring for the elderly and being taken care of can be a 79 satisfying experience for everyone who might be 80 .
61. A. hands B. arms C. bodies D. homes
62. A. growing B. grown C. being grown D. having grown
63. A. constant B. lasting C. regular D. normal
64. A. imaginary B. imaginable C. imaginative D. imagery
65. A. that B. this C. those D. these
66. A. when B. how C. what D. where
67. A. common B. regular C. standard D. average
68. A. Further B. However C. Moreover D. Whereas
69. A. before B. ago C. later D. lately
70. A. share B. enjoy C. divide D. consent
71. A. person B. people C. character D. man
72. A. would B. will C. could D. can
73. A. questioned B. interviewed C. inquired D. informed
74. A. in B. up C. on D. off
75. A. admiration B. action C. necessity D. duty
76. A. cause B. enable C. make D. get
77. A. someone B. anyone C. everyone D. anybody
78. A. elderly B. dependent C. dependable D. independent
79. A. similarly B. differently C. mutually D. certainly
80. A. involved B. excluded C. included D. considered
Part IV Translation （共35分）
Section A （共5小题，每小题4分，共20分）
Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese. You may refer to the corresponding passages in Part I.
81. Before entering a house in some Asian countries, it is good manners to take off your shoes.
82. We should like to find out the customs of other races, so that they will not think us ill-mannered.
83. He read a play of mine and, though he did not much like it, he thought it might just run for the six weeks till the play he had in mind could be produced.