2013年江苏省普通高校专转本统一考试 英语 试卷
Part I Reading Comprehension (共20小题，每小题2分，共40分)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.
When Mrs. Joseph Groeger died recently in Vienna, Austria, people asked the obvious question. “Why did she live to be 107?” Answers were provided by a survey conducted among 148 Viennese men and women who had reached the age of 100. What was surprising was that the majority had lived most of their lives in cities. Although cities are often regarded as unhealthy places, city living provides benefits that country living may lack. One factor seems to be important to the longevity(长寿) of those interviewed.
This factor is exercise. In the cities it is often faster to walk short distances than to wait for a bus. Even taking public transportation often requires some walking. Smaller apartment houses have no elevators, and so people must climb stairs. City people can usually walk to local supermarkets. Since parking spaces are hard to find, there is often no choice but to walk.
On the other hand, those who live in the country and suburbs do not have to walk every day. In fact, the opposite is often true. To go to school, work, or almost anywhere else, they must ride in cars.
1. The Vienna survey may help to explain __________.
A. the complaints of people in apartment houses
B. the causes of Mrs. Groeger’s death
C. the longevity of people like Mrs. Groeger
D. the image of cities in general
2. The second paragraph lists some ___________.
A. disadvantage of walking
B. occasions for walking in city life
C. problems of city living
D. comments made by city people
3. To reach the third floor of a building, it would probably be most healthful ___________.
A. to take the elevator
B. to walk up the stairs
C. to ride in a car
D. to find an alternative walking
4. People who live in the country usually do more driving than walking because ___________.
A. they don’t live near business areas
B. they don’t need exercise
C. they don’t like walking
D. they can’t afford to take the bus
5. We can draw a conclusion from this passage that _________.
A. air pollution is not serious
B. anyone can live to be 107
C. country people should move to cities
D. walking is a healthful exercise
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.
The Bedouin people, a tribe living in the deserts of Arabia and Northern African, think most highly of people who show loyalty. To them loyalty does not mean that one is devoted to a country, a place, or a leader. Loyalty means being faithful to one’s family and tribe.
The Bedouin people are proud of their ancestors(祖先). They do not admire a hero from an ordinary or poor family as much as one who comes from an honored family. They especially respect those who have inherited(继承) a good family name and then have passed it on to their children.
A man’s position among his people depends upon his ancestors, relatives, and fellow tribesmen. If they are honored, he is also honored. If they are disagreed, he, too, is disgraced. Therefore, one carefully guards the honor of his family and his tribe.
A man can protect his family’s honors by being brave and generous and by giving protection to those who ask for it. He also guards it by carefully watching the women of his family.
A Bedouin woman cannot bring honor to her family, but she can bring disgrace. Even if a woman only looks as if she has done something wrong, she may be killed. The honor of her family depends upon her virtue(美德).
6. The best title for this passage can be __________.
A. Life of the Bedouin People
B. Women’s Position in the Bedouin Family
C. Bedouin People’s Idea of Loyalty and Honor
D. How to Guard Honors
7. The Bedouin people think most highly of one who is ______.
A. devoted to his country and his leader
B. from an ordinary family
C. proud of his ancestor and relatives
D. faithful to his family and tribe
8. It is learned from the passage that ___________.
A. a hero from an honored family is more admired
B. one can not live in the tribe without a good family name
C. all the Bedouin people are kind, brave and generous
D. family traditions can never be passed to children
9. The word “disgraced” (Para. 3) means “ __________”.
10. It is implied in the passage that the Bedouin women are __________.
A. treated as the equals of men
B. respected for what they do
C. not interested in position
D. not respected as much as men
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
Up until about 100 years ago, newspaper in the United States attracted only the most serious readers. They used no illustrations (插图) and the articles were about politics or business.
Two men changed that---Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World and William Randolph Hearst of the New York Journal. Pulitzer bought the New York World in 1883. He changed it from a traditional newspaper into a very exciting one overnight. He added lots of illustrations and he told his reporters to write articles on every crime they could find. And they did. One woman reporter even pretended she was mad and was sent to a hospital. She then wrote many articles about the poor treatment of patients in those hospitals where madmen were kept. In 1895, Hearst came to New York from California. He wanted the Journal to be more exciting than the World. He also wanted it to be cheaper, so he lowered the price by a penny. Hearst attracted attention because his newspaper heading were bigger than any one else’s. He often said, “Big print makes big news.”
Pulitzer and Hearst did anything they could to sell newspaper. For example, Hearst sent Frederic Remington, the famous illustrator, to draw pictures of the Spanish-American War. When he got there, he told Hearst that no fighting was going on. Hearst answered, “ You provide the pictures. I’ll provide the war.
11. About a century ago, American newspaper carried news about __________.
A. all kinds of exciting news
B. crimes and mad people
C. the poor treatment of patients
D. serious matters only
12. According to Paragraph 2, which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Pulitzer and a woman news reporter changed the world overnight.
B. Pulitzer bought the Journal with the help of his reporter.
C. A woman news reporter pretended to be mad.
D. A woman reporter became mad and was sent to a hospital.
13. Hearst attracted readers’ attention by ______________.
A. using bigger headings
B. reporting big war news
C. raising the price of the newspaper
D. reporting politics and business only
14. __________ was asked to draw war pictures.
D. A woman reporter
15. This passage tells us that ________.
A. Pulitzer and Hearst were the most famous reporters of the United States
B. newspaper owners sometimes hired mad men as their news reporters
C. the world and the journal were not popular newspaper at that time
D. Pulitzer and Hearst used every possible means to win over each other
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
It is hard to imagine life without Arabic numbers(数字). No other number system ever invented has a simple way to write a number like 1984. In Roman numeral, it comes out like this MCMLXXXIV. Imagine how difficult it would be for a school pupil to remember it!
The Arabs, however, call their numbers “Indian numerals”. This is probably because they got the original idea a long time ago from India. There were no printed newspapers or scientific magazine then, so mathematics traveled along the same routes that silk did, as businessmen sold and bought goods. The Arabs took the new numbers and made improvements that quickly led to advances in technology.
The achievement of Arabic technology can be seen from a passage in a 10th-century book about an Arabic city:” The neighboring country showed the results of careful work in agriculture, trade, and industry. Rice and many other plants were grown in fields with water supplied by Arab engineers. The city included 900 public baths, stone-covered streets, fountains, and beautiful buildings.” At this time, London was a small town with dirty streets, and Berlin was a farming village. In fact, cities outside the Arab world did not reach the same level of social development until centuries later.
16. This passage tells us that the Arabs were a people _______________.
A. inventing Roman numerals
B. having advanced technology long ago
C. growing corn and many other plants then
D. supplying other countries with colorful silk
17. It takes much more efforts to ___________.
A. learn Roman numerals than Arab numerals
B. introduce numerals through printed materials
C. make great use of silk roads
D. teach businessmen numerals
18. The Arabs call their numerals “ Indian numerals” because _________.
A. the numerals are mainly used in China
B. they copied numerals from Indians
C. Arabic numerals were first used by Indian businessmen
D. they got some ideas about number from the ancient Indians
19. According to the passage, the Arab people ___________.
A. did business with the Indians
B. learned some ideas about business from Indians
C. built public baths in London in the 10th century
D. traveled a long way to learn mathematics in Rome
20. From a 10th-century book, we can learn that ___________.
A. Berlin was formerly a dirty with sufficient rice and plants
B. London was under the rule of the Romans in the 10th century
C. the Arab world was more advanced than other countries around
D. London chiefly developed industry ten centuries ago
Part II Vocabulary and Structure （共40小题，每小题1分，共40分）
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
21. Jessica ought to stop working; she has a headache because she __________ too long.
A. reads B. is reading C. has been reading D. had read
22. __________ us harm or good remains to be seen in the near future.
A. If it will do B. Whether it will do
C. That it will do D. What it will do
23. Able-bodied people just don’t realize how difficult it is _________ good jobs.
A. of disabled people to get B. of disabled people getting
C. for disabled people to get D. for disabled people getting
24. I’ll go camping with you if I ___________ free tomorrow.
A. am B. will be C. being D. was
25. After the concert, the rock music star ___________ hundreds of fans outside the theater.
A. surrounded by B. was surrounded by
C. being surrounded by D. is surrounded by
26. That book is really worth _________ if you’re going to take the final examination.
A. to read B. reading C .to be read D. being read
27. __________ surprised me most was _________ such a little boy of seven could play the violin so well.
A. That; what B. That; what C. What; that D. What; what
28. Staying in a hotel cost ________ renting a room in an apartment for a week.
A. twice many than B. twice as much as
C. twice the same as D. twice as many as
29. It is ________ that we’d like to go out for a walk.
A. a lovely day B. too lovely a day
C. so lovely a day D. such lovely a day
30. I can’t find my iPhone 5 in the dormitory. It __________ by somebody.
A. must have taken away B. may have taken away
C. may take away D. must have been taken away
31. When Mr. Smith got there, he found that about ___________ of his friends had been incited.
A. twenty-third B. two-third C. two-thirds D. twenty-thirds
32. In 2012, Mo Yan became the first Chinese writer ________ won the Nobel Prize for Literature.
A. that B. whom C. whose D. which
33. I didn’t see you at the meeting. If you had come, you _________ our sales manager.
A. would meet B. would have met C. will have met D. had met
34. Ladies and gentlemen! It’s my pleasure __________ Mr. Li, our new Premier to you all.
A. introducing B. introduce C. to be introducing D. to introduce
35. The audience burst into applause ___________ the singer finished her song.
A. after moment B. in a moment C. the moment D. for a moment
36. “ Where is the girl we talked about yesterday?”
“Look! Here ___________.”
A. she comes B . comes she C. she came D. came she
37. The number of employees at the factory ______ to a minimum so as to lower production costs.
A. is cutting B. are cutting C. has been cut D. have been cut
38. Many young people nowadays make ______ a rule to buy flower and chocolate for their lovers
on Valentine’s Day.
A. themselves B. it C. them D. this
39. Dr. Green, together with his wife and two daughters, __________ to arrive in Nanjing tonight.
A. will be B. is C .are D. are going
40. His father has been suffering from lung cancer for half a year, so the doctor suggest that he __________ an operation as soon as possible.
A. takes B. would take C. took D. should take
41. Being out of work, Jane can no longer __________ her friends to dinners as she used to.
A. urge B. treat C. attract D. apply
42. It’s a great pity that the girl _________ halfway and dropped out of the competition.
A. gave off B. gave out C. gave over D. gave up
43. The fact that something is cheap doesn’t _________ mean it is of low quality.
A. especially B. practically C. necessarily D. specially
44. In learning English, many students ___________ an e-dictionary to a paper one.
A. like B. expect C. prefer D. respect
45. The personnel manager will __________ the applications and pick out the best.
A. look up B. look after C. look out D. look through
46. Seventy percent approved ________ the way she handled the situation while thirty percent disapproved.
A. with B. about C. of D. up
47. The price of houses goes up again, partly _________ the requirement of young people.
A. in result of B. with C. because D. due to
48. They decided to ___________ the contract because a number of the conditions had not been met.
A. attend B. argue C. control D. cancel
49. __________ your English gets better, you’ll begin to feel more comfortable studying in Canada.
A. Once B. As far as C. Whereas D. For
50. Although I told him to be careful over and over again, he never took any__________ of what I said.
A. attention B. warning C. notice D. observation
51. Freshmen are usually __________ about everything when they first come to the college.
A. troublesome B. curious C. different D. familiar
52. Salina came home so thin and weak that her family could hardly ________ her.
A. remind B. recognize C. remember D. understand
53. The manager explained that they didn’t __________ people to bring theirs pets into the restaurant.
A. allow B. let C. make D. have
54. ___________ I go, I always seem to bump into him.
A. Whatever B. Wherever C. However D. Somehow
55. Our working hours are _________, we can go to work in the morning or in the afternoon.
A. floating B. efficient C. flexible D. personal
56. To a great __________, the way you learn at college is different from that when you were in high school.
A. amount B. extent C. reason D. goal
57. A skilled tennis player knows how to __________ his competitor’s weakness so as to get the final victory.
A. beat B. take risk of C. defeat D. take advantage of
58. Try this camera, you’ll find it can be ___________ to take pictures in cloudy conditions.
A. adjusted B. treated C. adopted D. removed
59. Being short of food and fuel, we are _________ with a very difficult situation.
A. handled B. made C. faced D. encouraged
60. John was late for class again, but he couldn’t _________ his lateness.
A. count for B. account for C. count on D. account on
Part III Cloze（共20小题，每小题1分，共20分）
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the context. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Smoking is considered dangerous to the health. Our tobacco-seller Mr. Johnson, therefore always asking his customers if they are very young, whom the cigarettes are bought __61__. One day, a little girl whom he had never seen before walked boldly __62__ his shop and demanded twenty cigarettes. She had the large __63__ of money in her hand and seemed very ___64___ herself. Mr. Johnson was so __65___ by her confident manner that he __66___ to ask his usual question. ___67___, he asked her what kind of cigarettes she wanted. The girl ___68___ readily and handed him the money. While he was giving her the __69___, Mr. Johson said laughingly that as she was so __70___ she should ___71___ the packet(小盒) in her pocket in __72___ a policeman saw it. However, the little girl did not seem to ___73____ this very funny. Without ___74__ she took the __75___ and walked towards the door. Suddenly she stopped, turned __76___ and looked steadily at Mr. Johnson. __77___ was a moment of silence and the tobacco-seller wondered ___78____ she was going to say. And at once, in a clear, joking ___79__, the girl declared, “___80__ dad is a policeman,” and with that she walked quickly out of the shop.
61. A. with B. to C. by D. for
62. A. with B. for C. into D. down
63. A. amount B. quality C. bits D. part
64. A. since B. of C. without D. against
65. A. worried B. interested C. surprised D. pleased
66. A. forgot B. came C. went D. dreamed
67. A. Therefore B. Instead C. Somehow D. Anyhow
68. A. Replied B. Screamed C. spoke D. talked
69. A. change B. warning C. cheque D. advice
70. A. old B. young C. amazed D. excited
71. A. hide B. throw C. tip D. take
72. A. way B. peace C. case D. end
73. A. search B. get C. pass D. find
74. A. look B. looked C. smiling D. smiled
75. A. packet B. clothes C. knife D. bill
76. A. way B. over C. round D. aside
77. A. They B. She C. There D. He
78. A. where B. what C. when D. if
79. A. words B. voice C. sound D. statement
80. A. The B. For C. As D. My
Part IV Translation(共35分)
Section A (共5小题，每小题4分，共20分)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese. You may refer to the corresponding passages in Part I.
81. Although cities are often regarded as unhealthy places, city living provides benefits that country living may lack. (Passage One)
82. A man’s position among his people depends upon his ancestors, relatives, and fellow tribesmen. (Passage Two)
83. She then wrote many articles about the poor treatment of patients in those hospitals where madmen were kept. (Passage Three)
84. The Arabs took the new numbers and made improvements that quickly led to advances in technology. (Passage Four)